The development of graphite
As early as in the 1930 of the 20th century, China's Heilongjiang liumao, nanshu graphite mine in Shandong started the production and processing of graphite. Mineral processing process is simple, poor working conditions of workers, productivity is very low, only thousands of tons of annual production. After decades of development, graphite and carbon products production is rising fast in China, 2004-2011, graphite and carbon products production a compounded annual growth rate up to 22.12%. In 2011, China produced 25.5617 million tons of graphite and carbon products, an increase of 21.98%.
Graphite and carbon products with excellent performance, being widely used, capacity and benefits showed a rapid growth trend. In 2011, graphite and carbon products industry is developing rapidly in China, industry enterprises management control over the cost was high with the strong profitability. Statistics show that in 2011, our graphite and carbon products industry and its industrial output value of 167.564 billion yuan to achieve sales revenue of 167.765 billion yuan, an increase of 40.58%; total profits 10.959 billion yuan, an increase of 50.87%. With the application of the continuous promotion, Chinese graphite and carbon products industry, competition is becoming more intense.
Graphite and carbon products enterprises above designated size in China more concentration. By the end of 2011, graphite and carbon products enterprises above designated size in China reached 871 on sales of top ten companies total sales income accounted for 13.46% of the whole industry. From the graphite and carbon products market development trend and competitive pattern of view, graphite and carbon products industry in the future will gradually focus to large group, graphite and carbon products industry concentration will be further improved.